Corn production from January to March 2023 was posted at 1,258.42 metric tons, indicating a drop of -32.3 percent from the first quarter of the previous year's output of 1,858.49 metric tons.
By corn type, a drop in white and yellow corn was 14.49 metric tons or -100 percent and 585.58 metric tons or -31.8 percent, respectively, from the first quarter of 2022. Both levels of decrease this period were higher than the levels of decrease recorded a year ago. (Figure 1 and Table 1)
Figure 1. Corn Production, Apayao Province, Cordillera Administrative Region, January to March: 2021-2023
Figure 2. Percent Shares of White and Yellow Corn to Total Production, Apayao Province, Cordillera Administrative Region, January - March: 2021-2023
Yellow corn production shared 100 percent during the first quarter in 2023. In 2021 and 2022, more than 99.0 percent was shared by yellow corn to the total output during the reference quarter. (Figure 2 and Table 2)
The January to March 2023 harvest area for combined corn type contracted to 353.49 hectares or by -17.8 percent, from 430 hectares in the same period of the previous year. (Figure 1 and Table 2)
Figure 3. Corn Harvest Area, Apayao Province, Cordillera Administrative Region, January-March: 2020-2023
Yield per Hectare
Yield per hectare this period was lower at 3.56 metric tons or a decrease of -17.6 percent, from 4.32 metric tons yield in the same period of 2022 but surpassed the yield registered in 2021. (Figure 1 and Table 1)
Figure 4. Yield of Corn, Apayao Province, Cordillera Administrative Region, January-March: 2021-2023
Table 1. Corn Production, Harvest Area, and Yield, Apayao Province, Cordillera Administrative Region, January-March: 2021-2023
Table 2. Percent Share to Total Corn production, Apayao Province, Cordillera Administrative Region, January-March : 2021-2023
CONCEPTS AND DEFINITIONS
The data collection for the January to March 2023 reference period was conducted during the first 10 days of April 2023.
Crop Production- refers to the quantity produced and actually harvested during the reference period. It includes those harvested but damaged, stolen, given away consumed, given as harvester’s and thresher’s shares, reserved, etc. However, it excludes those produced but not harvested due to low price, lack of demand and force majeure or fortuitous events, etc.
Harvest Area - refers to the actual area from which harvests were realized. This excludes crop areas that were totally damaged. It may be smaller than the area planted.
Types of Corn
Yellow Corn - type of corn used generally as feed grains. It includes all types of corn other than white.
White Corn- type of corn used primarily for human consumption.
Metric ton - refers to a unit that is being used which is equal to 1,000 kilograms.
GEOFFREY B. CALIMUHAYAN
Chief Statistical Specialist