In 2015, agriculture, hunting, forestry and fishing (AHFF) contributed 9.5 percent to the total Gross Regional Domestic Product (GRDP) of CAR at constant 2000 prices (Figure 1). Of the total agricultural output, 14.3 percent was shared by livestock sector and 5.5 percent by poultry sector.
For the 1st semester of 2016, total livestock production posted an increase of 4.5 percent. On the other hand, poultry sector declined by 3.3 percent.
Live Stock Production
- The region’s total carabao production during the 1st semester of 2016 was 1,418 metric tons, up by about one percent over last year’s level of 1,404 metric tons. Higher demand for carabeef was observed during the period which might be attributed to electionrelated activities. Highest production was reported in the province of Apayao with a share of 27.3 percent followed by Abra at 24.8 percent.
- Cattle production in CAR for January-June 2016, estimated at 2,023 metric tons, was 2.7 percent higher than last year’s output of 1,969 metric tons. This was also attributed to higher demand due to election-related activities. The province of Abra had the biggest share in total production at 35.5 percent.
- Hog production displayed a positive trend as it posted a 5.2 percent increase for the first half of 2016. Production went up from 12,041 metric tons in 2015 to 12,667 metric tons in 2016. Kalinga and Abra were the major producers of hog in the region contributing 24.4 and 22.3 percent to the total hog production, respectively.
- Goat production for the first semester of 2016 in the Cordillera was 429 metric tons. It recorded an increase of 5.1 percent compared to the 2015 output of 408 metric tons. Abra was the major producer of goat during the period with 60.6 percent contribution.
- For the 1st semester of 2016, hog contributed more than three-fourths of the totallivestock production. Cattle, carabao and goat productions shared about one-fourth ofthe total output at 12.2, 8.6 and 2.6 percent, respectively (Figure 3).
- Total volume of chicken production in January-June 2016 was estimated at 3,470 metric tons, a decline of 2.9 percent over previous year’s level of 3,575 metric tons. This was attributed to lesser supply of day-old chicks (DOC) to broiler contact growers in Ifugao (Table 2). The province was the major chicken producer in the region.
- Chicken egg production for the first half of the year was 1,744 metric tons. It was down by 5.9 percent against the January- June 2015 level of 1,853 metric tons (Table 2). Ifugao contributed the highest production with a share of 42.1 percent, followed by Benguet with 24.7 percent share.
- The total volume of duck production from January – June 2016 was estimated at 410 metric tons. It displayed a positive growth of 4.1 percent as compared to 2015 level of 394 metric tons (Table 2). Ifugao and Kalinga were the major producers of duck in the Cordillera with a contribution of 41.5 and 39.0 percent, respectively.
- For duck egg, volume of production declined by 2.2 percent or from406 metric tons metric tons in 2015 to 397 metric tons in 2016.
- Chicken production dominated 59.9 percent of the total poultry output in CAR during thefirst semester of 2016. Duck production came next with 27.9 percent contribution. Chicken egg and duck egg both had a share of 6.1 percent each (Figure 4).
Livestock and Poultry Inventory
- The total inventory of carabao in the region as of July 1, 2016 was estimated at 86,864 heads. It went down by 0.9 percent compared to 2015 inventory. Inventory of carabaos in backyard farms decreased by 1.2 percent accounting for 98.9 percent of the total population of carabao. On the other hand, carabao stocks in commercial farms went down by 3.4 percent.
- The region’s total inventory of cattle as of July 1, 2016 was estimated at 59,936 heads, 1.6 percent lower than the previous year’s level. Around 87.7 percent or about 52,536 heads were raised in backyard farms while only 12.3 percent were found in commercial farms.
- As of July 1, 2016 the total swine population in the Cordillera stood at 201,965 heads. This was 5.7 percent lower than the previous year’s inventory of 213,998 heads. Stocks in backyard farms decreased by 5.1 percent. Likewise, stocks in commercial farms went down by 30.7 percent compared to their 2015 levels. About 98.1 percent of the total stocks were raised in backyard farms and the rest were in commercial farms.
- As of July 1, 2016, the total inventory of goat was 66,208 heads. It declined by 7.3 percent from the previous year’s Inventory of 71,407 heads. Almost 99.9 percent of the total population of goat was raised in backyard farms while a negligible 0.1 percent or only 62 heads of goat were raised in commercial farms.
- Total chicken inventory as of July 1, 2016 was estimated at 1,409,857 birds. This was 9.9 percent lower than last year’s total inventory of 1,565,409 birds.
The inventory of native/improved chicken and layer recorded respective declines of 11.8 percent and 2.2 percent. On the other hand, broiler chicken inventory posted an increase of 317.9 percent in comparison with same period in 2015.
- The total duck inventory in the Cordillera as of July 1, 2016 was 225,520 birds. It increased by 8.9 percent from last year's inventory of 207,081 birds. No duck commercial farm was noted in the region.
Inventory (also, Animal Population) - refers to the actual number of domesticated animals present in the farm at a specific reference date.
Livestock - refers to farm animals kept or raised for consumption, work or leisure. In general, poultry is separated as a distinct group of animals. For porpuses of censuses and surveys, livestock covers only those that are tended and raised by an operator.
Livestock/Poultry Production -refers to the volume of indigenous (locally-raised) animals disposed for slaughter plus animals exported or shipped-out for slaughter both in liveweight equivalent.
Poultry -is a collective term for all domesticated avian for the purpose of food consumption or, the carcass of such avian dressed/processed for human consumption. Fowl is a term used to refer to a specific group of avian sharing common anatomical characteristics, e.g. chicken, turkey.