The Labor Force Survey (LFS) provides a snapshot or the stock of economically active persons in the country at a point or reference period. It aims to monitor the changes in the employment status of persons in the working age population (employed, unemployed and not in the labor force) during a specified period using the Labor Force Framework.
The LFS concept and measurement follows the international standards concerning statistics of the economically active population, employment, unemployment and underemployment adopted by the 13th International Conference of Labour Statisticians (ICLS) in October 1982 at Geneva, Switzerland.
Labor Force Participation Rate (LFPR) in CAR is 62.5%
- The result for the April 2019 Labor Force Survey showed that the Cordillera Administrative Region’s labor force participation rate of persons whose age is 15 years old and over was estimated at 62.5 percent or about 806 thousand individuals.
- Along with other regions, Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR) had an LFPR higher than the national rate of 61.4 percent. From 60.2 percent in April 2018 it ascended by 2.3 percent in April 2019
Figure 1. Percentage of Persons in the Labor Force by Region,
Philippines: April 2019
Employment rate in CAR increases by 0.4%
- There was a slight decrease in the number of employed persons from 96.7 percent in April 2018 to 97.1 percent in April 2019.
More males are employed in CAR
- Of the 806 thousand employed persons in CAR in April 2019, 61.5 percent or about 495, 884 individuals were males, while 38.5 percent or about 310,431 individuals were females.
There was a decrease in the number of employed males in the region by 0.9 percent. The decrease in males corresponded to the increase in the percentage of employed females in the region.
Figure 2: Percentage Distribution of Emloyed Persons by Sex,
CAR: April 2018 and April 2019
Most of the employed persons in CAR have high school education
- In terms of educational attainment of employed persons, 38.6 percent had junior high school of education of which 27.6 percent graduated while 11 percent did not graduate.
Employed persons with college education followed with 28.9 percent of the total employed persons in the region. Of these, 20.9 percent are degree holder while 8 percent did not finish college.
With a share of 24.3 percent of employed persons, elementary level education came third of the total employed persons in the region. Of which 13.4 percent graduated and 10.9 percent did not graduate.
Employed persons with Post-Secondary level education accounted to only 5.1 percent of the total employed persons in the region. There were 3.4 employed persons who graduated while 1.7 percent were undergraduates.
For April 2019, employed persons in CAR with no education or grade level completed was at 1.0 percent. This level had the lowest incidence of employment in the region.
Figure 3. Employed Persons by Highest Grade Completed, CAR:
Services sector employs the most
- The Services Sector employed the most with 42.9 percent, followed by Agriculture Sector with 41.2 percent and Industry with 15.9 percent.
Agriculture, Hunting and Forestry continued to be the biggest employer in the region by sub-industry group with 40.9 percent share in April 2019.
With a share of 12.7 percent of the total employed persons in April 2019, wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles ranked as the second largest major industry group in the region.
Percentage Distribution of Employed Persons by Major Industry Groups
in CAR: April 2019
Elementary occupations comprise 30.8%
- Among the occupation groups, elementary occupations were the largest group of employed persons in CAR comprising 30.8 percent of the total regional employment in April 2019. This decreased by 0.2 percentage points compared to same period last year.
On the second largest occupation group, skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers shared 23.0 percent of the total employed persons in the region in April 2019. This group decreased by 2.4 percentage points from April 2018.
Managers made up the third largest occupation group within the region with 13.1 percent total employed persons in April 2019.
The rest of the major occupation groups comprised 33.1 percent of the total employed persons in the entire labor force of the region.
Table 3. Distribution of Employed Persons by Major Occupation Groups in CAR:
April 2018 and April 2019
Underemployment at 13.5%
- The underemployment rate of CAR was 13.5 percent of which 7.2 percent of the underemployed persons already worked 40 hours per week and over or those invisibly underemployed.
Meanwhile, those who work less than 40 hours a week or those visibly underemployed accounted for 6.3 percent of the total underemployed population in the region.
Region’s unemployment decreased at 2.9%
- Unemployment rate in the region decreased by 0.4 percentage point, from 3.3 percent in April 2018 to 2.9 percent in April 2019.
The unemployed male population accounted for 56.1 percent of the total unemployed persons in the region, while 43.9 percent were unemployed females.