2017 Wholesale and Retail Establishments* in the Cordilleras

Reference Number: 

SR 2020-41

Release Date: 

Friday, May 29, 2020

Average number of workers at 57 persons per establishment

  • Trade establishments in the region with total employment 20 and over went up to 57 establishments in 2017 from 52 establishments in 2016. This was an increment of 9.6 percent from a year ago with few establishments downgrading to less employment size.
  • Employment in the education sector in larger schools reported a total of 3,838 workers in 2017. This was a minimal increase of workforce by 0.9 percent from 2016 with aggregated total employment of 3,802.
  • Paid employees of trade sector in the Cordilleras shared 99.2 percent of the total workforce of the region in 2017 with 3,808 workers. From the reported paid workers of 3,798 in 2016, it also posted a slight increase of 0.9 percent a year later.
  • Trade workforce in the region contributed only 0.8 percent to the national total in 2017 and placed the CAR among regions with the least number of establishments and total employment, following Bangsamoro Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (BARMM) in the bottom list.
  • The employment and establishment data however showed an increase in the average workers per establishment in the region, with 57 mean number of employees per trade establishment in 2017.
  • This figure follows closely the national data of 61 workers per trade establishment while ranking 7th among regions. This was also an addition of about five more workers per establishment or 9.6 percent more employees compared to 2016 data.
Figure 1. Workers per Establishments and Average Annual Compensation in
Wholesale and Retail Trade Establishments in CAR: 2016-2017
Trade businesses spent ₱581.9 million in compensation
  • Cordilleran trade businesses spent a total PHP 19.3 billion in their overall operations in 2017. The total expense was a top-up of 27.2 percent from PHP 15.1 billion a year ago.
  • Workers’ compensation however shared only 3.0 percent to the total expense of trade establishments with PHP 581.9 million. The rest of the chunk was spent for other costs such as taxes, job contracts, goods, fees and other operation expenses.
  • Expenses in compensation increased by 40.1 percent from 2016 at PHP 415.2 million. Meanwhile, other operational expenses nearly quadrupled in just a year from PHP 14.7 billion to PHP 56.6 billion, a substantial increase of 284.6 percent.
  • Paid workers in trade businesses in CAR received annually an average of PHP 152,821 or about PHP 12,735 monthly. This was well below the national annual average of PHP 212,364 or about PHP 17,697 national monthly average.
  • The annual average compensation in 2017 was still an improvement of 39.8 percent or an increase of about PHP 3,623 monthly, from the previous year’s PHP 109,336 average pay per year.
Trade establishments barely gained with 1.04 income per expense
  • PHP 20.1 billion income was generated by CAR trade businesses in 2017, an improvement by 28.1 percent from PHP 15.7 billion in 2016. This was only 0.7 percent of the national figure.
  • The income per expense in the region was maintained at 1.04 for years 2016 and 2017. Trade establishments in CAR only gained about PHP 825.5 million net of the operational expenses in 2017.
  • CAR’s income per expense was also at par with the national figure and Regions III (Central Luzon) and VII (Central Visayas). Trade establishments in other regions went only as high as 1.06 in income per expense, while trade businesses in MIMAROPA just nearly break even the generated income with their total expenses (0.98 income per expense).

Labor productivity per worker of Cordilleran trade sector improved by 17.7 percent

  • CAR businesses in trade sector recorded a total value added of PHP 1.6 billion in 2017. This was an increment of 18.9 percent from PHP 1.4 billion in 2016, or an additional PHP 261.6 million.
Figure 2. Income per Expense and Labor Productivity in
Wholesale and Retail Trade Establishments in CAR: 2016-2017
  • Factoring in the total employment, the labor productivity of trade establishments in the region increased to PHP 429,765 per worker. This was an increase of 17.7 percent or about PHP 64,738 more than the figure in 2016.
  • CAR’s labor productivity, or value added over total employment, fell short of PHP 182,334 to level with the national data, or just 70.2 percent of the labor productivity of all trade businesses in the country.
Gross margin gets upgrade of 16.5 percent
  • Output or trade margin of trade businesses in CAR reached an aggregated amount of PHP 2.7 billion in 2017. This was a gain of 16.5 percent more than in 2016 with PHP 2.3 billion, or a difference of about PHP 377.0 million.
  • Additions to tangible fixed assets reported a substantial increase of 76.9 percent from PHP 92.1 million to PHP 162.3 million in 2016. This was a boost of PHP 70.8 million in a span of a year.
  • The trade businesses recorded a negative inventory in 2017 and fell short of PHP 26.8 million in annual closing of stocks. This was a significant decrease from 2016 inventory of PHP 265.8 billion.
  • Assistance in the form of subsidies was received by these establishments in 2017 with a total amount of PHP 115.8 million. No subsidies received was recorded in the previous year.