January 2020 Price Situation in the Cordillera (Base Year: 2012)

Release Date: 

Monday, February 10, 2020

Reference Number: 

SR 2020-06

Consumer Price Index

  • Consumer Price Index (CPI) is the general measure of the change in the average retail prices of a market basket or collection of goods and services commonly purchased by the average Filipino household.
  • The CPI of the Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR) in January 2020 was 120.5. This was higher by 3.3 index points from the 117.2 CPI of January 2019 using 2012 as base year.
  • In general, the CPI increased reflecting the rise in the average prices of goods and services in all the six provinces of CAR.
Figure 1. Consumer Price Index by Province,
CAR: January 2020 (2012=100)
  • Among the CAR provinces, Kalinga posted the highest CPI for January 2020 at 126.2, followed by Apayao at 124.1, and Benguet at 120.6 while Mountain Province posted the lowest CPI at 117.5.

CPI by Commodity Groups

  • Among the commodity groups, Alcoholic Beverages and Tobacco had the highest CPI in the region with 230.9 index points. The province of Apayao incurred the highest CPI on this commodity with 370.8 index points, followed by Abra, Kalinga, and Ifugao at 307.1, 290.2, and 230.6 index points, respectively.
  • Education registered the second highest CPI among the commodity groups in the region for January 2020 at 128.0 index points. Among the provinces, Kalinga had the highest index on education at 193.9, while Apayao had the least at 65.7 index points.
  • Clothing and Footwear ranked third at 126.7 index points. Kalinga recorded the highest index on clothing and footwear at 134.0, followed by Ifugao and Benguet at 130.5 and 126.4 index points, respectively.
  • Communication continued to have the lowest CPI among the commodity groups in the region with 101.5 index points. The province of Abra incurred the highest index on communication with 105.0 index points, while Mountain Province had the lowest with 98.1 index points.
  • Among the CAR provinces, Kalinga incurred the highest CPI for all items with 126.2, while Mountain Province garnered the lowest index at 117.5 in January 2020.
Figure 2. Consumer Price Index by Commodity Group and by Province,
CAR: January 2020 (2012=100)
  • By index point change, Alcoholic Beverages and Tobacco recorded the highest increase at 19.6 index points. Increases were also incurred in Education (6.2 points), Clothing and Footwear (5.5 points), and Housing, Household equipment, and Routine maintenance of the house (4.6 points). The rest of the commodity groups reported minimal annual increases.
Figure 3. Year-on-Year Consumer Price Index by Commodity Group, CAR:
January 2019 and 2020 (2012=100)

Inflation Rate

  • The average increase in the prices of goods and services in the region slowed down to 2.8% in January 2020 from the 3.1% in January 2019.
  • Mountain Province posted the highest inflation rate in January 2020 with 4.4%, followed by Kalinga with 3.0 %. Ifugao incurred the least inflation with 1.8% among all provinces.
  • All of the provinces had lower inflation rates in January 2020 except for the province of Benguet and Mountain Province.
Figure 4. Year-on-Year Inflation Rates by Province, CAR:
January 2019 and 2020 (2012=100)

By Commodity Group

  • Inflation rate of the heavily-weighted Food and Non-Alcoholic Beverages index in the region increased by 0.1 from the December 2019 rate of 1.8 to 1.9 in January 2020.
  • Alcoholic Beverages and Tobacco remained to have the highest inflation in January 2020 among other commodities in the region with 9.3%, followed by Education with 5.1% and Clothing and Footwear with 4.5%.
  • Among all other commodities, Communication incurred the lowest inflation rate with 0.2%.
Figure 5. Inflation Rates by Commodity Groups, CAR: January 2020

By Food Items, Year-on-Year

  • Among the food items, Corn recorded the highest CPI in the region in January 2020 with 170.6. This was followed by Fruits, Fish and Meat with 139.7, 136.3, and 124.1 index points, respectively.
  • By index point change, Fish recorded the highest increase by 14.1. Corn followed with an 8.9 index point increase followed by Fruits with 6.5.
Figure 6. Year-on-Year CPI and Inflation Rates of Selected Food Items,
CAR: January, Year 2019 and 2020 (2012=100)
Purchasing Power of the Peso (PPP)
  • The value of the peso in the region was 83 centavos in January 2020. It dropped by two centavos from 85 centavos in January 2019. This means that one peso in 2012 is worth 83 centavos in January 2020.
  • In other words, a basket of goods that can be bought with 100 pesos in December 2012 is worth 120.5 pesos in January 2020.
  • The PPP in all the provinces generally weakened in January 2020 compared to the same month of the previous year.
  • Mountain Province had the highest peso value at 85 centavos, followed by Abra at 84 centavo-peso value. Meanwhile, Kalinga had the lowest peso value at 79 centavos.
Figure 7. Purchasing Power of the Peso by Province, CAR:
January 2019 and 2020 (2012=100)