2018 Poverty Incidences Among the Basic Sectors in the Cordilleras Source: Philippine Statistics Authority 23.6

The Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA) released the multidimensional poverty statistics based on an initial methodology. It is called the multidimensional poverty index (MPI) and serves to complement the income-based measure of poverty. The MPI is a measure that intends to capture deprivations on various dimensions. Thus, the MPI provides information on which dimension the Filipinos are most deprived in. Poverty incidence among persons with disability (aged 15 years and over) was also generated and released for the first time.
 
Figure 1. Poverty Incidence (%) Among Basic Sectors, CAR: 2015 & 2018
 

 

  • In 2018, the poverty incidences among basic sectors in CAR decreased as compared to 2015, except for individuals residing in urban areas which increased by 0.4 percentage point.
  • Among the basic sectors, farmers, children, and self-employed and unpaid family workers who belong to families with income below the official poverty thresholds posted the highest poverty incidences at 20.4, 16.5 and 16.3 percent, respectively. Farmers and children also registered the highest poverty incidences in 2015 at 36.8 and 31.8 percent, respectively.
  • On the other hand, individuals residing in urban areas, migrant and formal sector workers, and senior citizen had the lowest poverty incidences among the basic sectors at 4.9, 5.7and 7.2 percent, respectively. In 2015, these sectors recorded poverty incidences of 4.5,
    14.0 and 15.5 percent.
  • Meanwhile, the poverty incidence among persons with disability (aged 15 years and over) was recorded at 8.3 percent in 2018 which is equivalent to 2,798 individuals.
Magnitude of poor among basic sectors
  • In 2018, the magnitude of poor among all basic sectors decreased, except for individuals residing in urban areas that increased from 19,874 in 2015 to 25,369 in 2018.

Table 1. Magnitude of Poor Among Basic Sectors, CAR: 2015 & 2018

Basic Sectors Magnitude of Poor % Change
2015 2018
Women 197,901 103,670 (47.6)
Children 206,100 106,980 (48.1)
Youth 99,276 57,333 (42.2)
Senior Citizens 21,434 10,939 (49.0)
Individuals Residing in Urban Areas 19,874 25,369 27.7
Individuals Residing in Rural Areas 389,038 188,928 (51.4)
Migrant and Formal Sector Workers 56,324 24,114 57.2)
Farmers 120,632 58,390 (51.6)
Self Employed and Unpaid Family
Workers
99,973 48,257 (51.7)
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority
  • Among the basic sectors, the highest number of poor in CAR belonged to individuals residing in rural areas with an estimate of 188,928 individuals, a decrease of 51.2 percent from 389,038 in 2015. The number of poor children was estimated at 106,980, a decrease of 47.6 percent from 197,901 in 2015. The magnitude of poor women was estimated at 103,670, a decrease 48.1 percent from 197,901 in 2015.
  • Moreover, the number of poor senior citizens was estimated at 10,939 in 2018, a decrease of 49.0 percent from 21,434 in 2015. Poor migrants and formal sector workers were estimated at 24,114, a decrease of 57.2 percent from 56,324 in 2015. Poor self-employed and unpaid family workers were estimated at 48,257, a decrease of 51.7 from 99,973 in 2015.

Subsistence incidence among basic sectors

  • In 2018, subsistence incidence in CAR among all basic sector decreased. The estimated number of food poor individuals residing in urban areas in 2015 was excluded due to very low level of precision.
Figure 2. Subsistence Incidence (%) Among Basic Sectors, CAR: 2015 & 2018
 
 
  • Among the basic sectors, farmers registered the highest percentage of subsistence/food poor in 2018 with 6.2 percent of the total farmers population. They were followed by selfemployed and unpaid family workers, children, and individuals residing in rural areas with 5.0, 4.8 and 4.0 percent, respectively.
  • On the other hand, migrant and formal sector workers, individuals residing in urban areas, and senior citizens had the lowest subsistence incidences with 1.1, 1.5 and 2.1 percent, respectively.
  • Meanwhile, the subsistence incidence among persons with disability (aged 15 years and over) in 2018 was estimated at 3.0 percent, equivalent to 1,011 individuals.

Magnitude of food poor among basic sectors

  • The magnitude of food poor among all basic sectors decreased ranging from 54.0 to 69.2 percent.
  • Among the basic sectors, the highest number of food poor belonged to individuals residing in rural areas with 50,516 individuals, a decrease of 65.0 percent from 144,421 in 2015. The number of food poor children were estimated at 30,883, a decrease of 60.7 percent from 78,563 children in 2015; and food poor women were estimated at 27,577, a decrease of 60.6 percent from 69,912 women in 2015.

Table 2. Magnitude of Food Poor Among Basic Sectors, CAR: 2015 & 2018

Basic Sectors Magnitude of Poor % Change
2015 2018
Women 69,912 27,577 (60.6)
Children 78,563 30,883 (60.7)
Youth 35,204 14,393 (59.1)
Senior Citizens 6,782 3,118 (54.0)
Individuals Residing in Urban Areas - 7,822  
Individuals Residing in Rural Areas 144,421 50,516 (65.0)
Migrant and Formal Sector Workers 15,678 4,832 (69.2)
Farmers 43,498 17,760 (59.2)
Self Employed and Unpaid Family
Workers
36,906 14,799 (59.9)
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority
  • On the other hand, the least number of food poor among the basic sectors belonged to senior citizens with 3,118 individuals, a decline of 54.0 percent from 6,782 in 2015. Followed by poor migrant and formal sector workers with 4,832 individuals, a decrease of 69.2 percent from 15,678 in 2015.
 
 
 

Release Date: 

Wednesday, June 9, 2021

Reference Number: 

SR 2021-17

Attachments: