Corn Situation Outlook in Kalinga: January to December 2021

Reference Number: 


Release Date: 

Monday, March 21, 2022

Corn Production

Corn total production in CAR was estimated at 214,867 metric tons in January to December 2021, Kalinga has the second highest contribution with 66,720 metric tons or 31 percent share. Ifugao ranked first with 73,711 metric tons or 34 percent, Apayao ranked 3rd with 30,349 or 14 percent, then Mountain Province with 25,133 metric tons or 12 percent, Abra with 18,471 metric tons or 9 percent and the least was Benguet with 483 metric tons or 0.22 percent share. See figure 1.

Figure 2 showed that total corn production increased in January to December 2021 as compared to January to December 2020. White Corn reported production in Kalinga was estimated at 669.33 metric tons in 2021. It increased by 463.64 metric tons as compared to 2020 with 205.69 metric tons. Also, yellow corn production increased from 51,916 metric tons in 2020 to 66,051 metric tons in 2021.

Corn Harvested Area


Total corn harvested area in January to December 2021 in Kalinga was estimated at 15,774.25 hectares. It increased by 21.42 percent as compared to January to December 2020 with 12,992 hectares. White Corn reported area harvested was increased by 188.22 hectares from 63 hectares in 2020 to 251.22 hectares in 2021. The same with yellow corn harvested area reported in 2021 it increased by 20.06 percent as compared to 2020.

Corn Yield/Hectare


            Estimated at 4.23 metric tons per hectare was reported as corn yield in January to December 2021. It increased by 0.22 metric tons over the yield per hectare in January to December 2020 with 4.01 metric tons. This was due to the increased in yield per hectare of yellow corn from 4.02 metric tons in January to December 2020 to 4.26 metric tons in January to December 2021 while yield per hectare of white corn yellow decreased by 0.24 metric tons or 18.40 percent.




The Palay and Corn Production Survey (PCPS) is one of the major agricultural surveys conducted by the Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA). This generates estimates on palay and corn production, area, yield and other production-related data that serves as inputs for policy making and programs on palay/rice and corn.


Production data generated by the PCPS are inputs to the Performance of Agriculture Report (PAR) and accordingly to the preparation of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Moreover, the survey supports the data needs of planners, policy and decision-makers, and other stakeholders in the agriculture sector particularly the National Economic and Development Authority (NEDA), Department of Agriculture (DA) and its attached agencies such as Philippine Rice Research Institute (PhilRice), Philippine Council for Agriculture and Fisheries (PCAF), and the general public.


Farm- A parcel or parcels of land which has a total area of at least 1,000 square meters (one-tenth of a hectare) used for agricultural purposes.


Area Harvested- This refers to the total area harvested during the reference period.


Production- refers to the quantity produced and actually harvested for particular crop during the reference period.


Yield- An indicator of productivity derived by dividing the total production by the area harvested.


White Corn- Type of corn used primarily for human consumption regardless of color


Yellow Corn- Used generally as feed grains. It includes all types of corn other than white





  Chief Statistical Specialist