- In 2019, the Philippines produced 18,814,827 metric tons (MT) of palay, harvested from a total area of 4,651,489.68 hectares (ha). The production decreased by 1.3 percent (251,266.65 MT) compared to previous year’s 19,066,094 MT.
Table 1. Palay Production by Region, Philippines: CY 2019
- Central Luzon remained the top producer of palay among the regions, contributing the biggest share with 19.8 percent, followed by Cagayan Valley with 14.1 percent, and Western Visayas with 11.0 percent. On the other hand, Central Visayas produced the least with1.2 percent, followed by CALABARZON with 2.0 percent, and CAR at 2.2 percent.
- The Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR) ranked 14th with 2.2 percent or equivalent to 418,321 MT share to the national palay production, harvested from a total area of 110,763 hectares. The average yield was at 3.78 MT/Ha.
Table 2. Palay Production by Ecosystem, CAR: CY 2018-2019 (in metric tons)
|Item||Year||% share to total
- Palay production of the Cordillera increased by 7 percent (27,216 MT) as compared to previous year’s production output of 391,105 MT
- All type of palay ecosystem increased, irrigated palay increased by 4 percent (14,087 MT), rainfed palay by 37.7 percent (12,268 MT), and upland palay by 11.6 percent (861 MT).
- As to production by ecosystem, irrigated palay had the highest production with 86.9 percent, followed by rainfed palay with 11.2 percent, and upland palay with 2.0 percent.
- Among provinces, Kalinga produced the highest with 37.8 percent (158,284.81 MT), followed by Apayao with 20.8 percent (86,819 MT), and Abra with 19.7 percent (82,430 MT). On the other hand, Mountain Province produced the least with 3.9 percent (16,400 MT).
- In 2019, a total of 110,763 Ha harvested area was recorded in the Cordillera, a decrease of 0.6 percent (624 Ha) from 111,387.00 Ha in 2018. The same trend was observed for Irrigated and Upland palay ecosystem, but an increasing trend was observed for Rainfed type of palay ecosystem.
Table 3. Palay Harvested Area by Ecosystem, CAR: CY 2018-2019 (in hectares)
|Item||Year||% share to total
- Irrigated areas accounted for 81.5 percent of the total harvested area, followed by rainfed areas with 14.1 percent, and upland areas with 4.4 percent.
- Among provinces, Kalinga had the largest harvested area with 31.2 percent (34,579 Ha), followed by Apayao with 22 percent (24,398 Ha), and Abra with 21.3 percent (23,542 Ha). Meanwhile, Mountain Province had the smallest harvested area with 4.5 percent (5,021 Ha).
Table 3. Palay Yield (MT/Ha) by Ecosystem, CAR: CY 2018-2019 (in metric tons)
- Compared to 2018, average yield increased by 7.6 percent (270 Kg/Ha). Yield of irrigated palay increased by 4.2 percent (160 Kg/Ha), rainfed palay by 32.6 percent (740 Kg/Ha), and upland palay by 31.8 percent (420 Kg/Ha).
- Among ecosystem, Irrigated palay posted the highest yield with 4.02 MT/Ha while upland palay yielded the lowest with 1.72 MT/Ha.
Figure 3. Palay Yield (MT/Ha) by Province, CAR: CY 2017
- By province, Kalinga posted the highest palay yield with 4.58 MT/Ha, followed by Apayao with 3.56 MT/Ha, and Ifugao with 3.35 MT/Ha. On the other hand, Benguet posted the lowest yield with 2.87 MT/Ha.